Srečo DragošErosion of family policy: A shift from a social to birth-rate centered policy - Pg. 157Keywords: family, family policy, autonomy, welfare state, social work, birth rate.
The paper analyzes the proposal for the Resolution on Family Policy 2018–2028, which was put into the public debate by the ministry for the relevant area. This document raises mixed feelings. On the one hand, its content is expected, as it is a consistent reflection of developments in the field of social policy. On the other hand, it is a surprise as it offers some radical solutions that we were not familiar with so far. For this resolution, family policy is definitely (declaratively) separated from social policy and transformed into a natality policy. The paper deals with the harmfulness of such policy in four sections, which show "blind spots" of the planned policy already by their names: autonomy, birth rate, inequality and binding container. At the end of the paper, a suggestion is given as to how to resolve the new family policy without making it dysfunctional. But the proposed solution is pessimistic, because in current political framework it is not realistic. But there are no others.
Jana Mali, Anamarija KejžarIntegrated care of residents with dementia:A case of introducing innovative care in the Dom Petra Uzarja Tržič home for older people - Pg. 179Keywords: older people, institutional care, methods, long-term care, innovation.
Integrated care for residents with dementia is centred on the individual, not on the institution or the experts employed by the institution. A resident at home and an expert create a partnership relationship, looking for solutions in the actual situation of the user's life situation. The realization of such a paradigm is shown in the case of changes in the care of dementia residents in a particular home. In addition to the changed relationship and relations between tenants with dementia and employees, integrated care also introduces changes in the role of relatives and the wider community in the care of dementia residents. The central position of a resident with dementia and the equal representation of all other representatives of the social network of the resident, provide the conditions for strengthening the power of the residents with dementia. By empowering them, we guarantee the conditions for new methods of work and the provision of services that is adapted to the needs and abilities of the residents with dementia.
Tamara Rape Žiberna, Aleš ŽibernaWhat is important for quality field placement in social work: The view of field instructors - Pg. 197Keywords: practice placement, satisfaction, mentorship, higher education.
Practice placement is an important part of social work curriculum and has many stakeholders, the key ones being students, field instructors (mentors in the field) and practice teachers (faculty mentors). The paper focuses on field instructors’ perception of current practice for students at the Faculty of Social Work (University of Ljubljana). From gathered quantitative data (from the study year 2014/2015), we can conclude that field instructors identify motivation of student and their own as the most important for successful placement. Instructors also expect proactive behavior from students, flexibility of placement curriculum (tasks) on one hand and good structure of placement on the other. For their successful work as student mentors, ability to get additional information and solve potential problems is also important. On average, field instructors are satisfied with practical placement as a whole and also with most elements of practical placement. A positive correlation between average values for satisfaction and importance by elements of practical placement can be observed.
Emanuela Fabjan, Suzana OreškiA comparative look on well-treatment of people in European specialised institutions - Pg. 221Keywords: social services, mental heath, physical disability, quality of life, deinstitutionalisation, Društvo Altra.
»A comparative look on well-treatment of people in European specialised institutions« is the official title of an international Erasmus+ project, financed by the European Commission and involving one NGO and one educational institution from three countries: France (Reims), Portugal (Porto) and Slovenia (Ljubljana). The project will last for three year, its aim being to compare good practices from the field of caring for people with mental health issues and physical disabilities in the mentioned countries. The report describes the visit of all the partners that took place from the 18th to 22nd of Seprember 2017 in Reims, where the coordinator of the project is located: Regional Institute for Social Work of Champagne-Ardennes (IRTSCA). The report comprises observations by an assistent from the Faculty of Social Work, University of Ljubljana, and by the president, users, an expert worker and a volunteer from Društvo Altra, an NGO from Ljubljana working with people with mental disabilites.
Gabi Čačinovič VogrinčičSpeech at the opening ceremony of the renovated premises of the Faculty of Social Work on November 28, 2017 - Pg. 231
Borut Petrović JesenovecInterview with Simona Gerencer Pegan, PhD. - Sometimes deafblind people do everything, just to be with a person they can communicate with - Pg. 235
Vesna LeskošekIvana Radačić in Mojca Pajnik (ed.) (2017) - Prostitution in Croatia and Slovenia: Sex workers' experiences - Pg. 243
Klavdija KustecUse of expressive and creative media in social work and related helping professions - Pg. 81Keywords: creativity, art, therapy, support, users, risk.
The article presents some results of the study on the use of expressive and creative media in social work and the related helping professions in Slovenia. The term expressive and creative medium comprises drawing, painting, movement-dance, puppetry, theatre-drama, creative writing and reading, photography, video art and similar, and tries to answer the question of how to use these media creatively, when offering support and help. According to the results of the qualitative study, expert workers in the field of support and help have, on average, applied expressive and creative approaches for between five to ten years. They report noticing many positive aspects of the use of these media in their work with participants. However, they also observe certain risk factors in this kind of work. The method of work that the expert workers use in their work with expressive and creative media is group work, followed by work with individuals. The study showed that additional expert training of social workers in the related helping professions would be needed when using expressive and creative media in social work.
Melisa BaranjaStatus of Slovene Roma mothers in Roma communities and outside - Pg. 99Keywords: Romani, marginalisation, children, partnership, domestic violence, mental health.
The thesis is based on personal observation and field research. It presents the results of field work interviews with twelve Slovenian Romani women who live in three different locations in Slovenia. The central themes of the research were: entering the life partnerships; family violence; births of children; rearing the children; the help the women are given in child rearing on the part of the Romani community, and the state institutions. The Romani communities in Slovenia are all but homogenous, as is equally true also of the majority population. Thus the women, members of Romani communities, recount their life experiences with partnerships, their family of origin and their own family, and their children across a wide spectrum of experiences, viewpoints and life courses. One of the central aims of the text was, among other, to give voice to Romani women who are, to this day, rarely the subject of social work and social science research.
Tamara Rape ŽibernaConceptualization of innovations in social work - Pg. 111Keywords: social protection, public services, typology, non-profit organizations, management, social security.
Innovations are well researched in organizational theory for profit organizations. Less is known about innovations in non-profit sector. For Slovenian case, PEST analysis was conducted to identify factors from organizational environment that can demand changes in social work and social protection. In legislation, we can observe shift in positive direction since the Resolution on the National Programme for Social Protection for the period 2013–2020 emphasizing innovations as one of the basic principles of social protection. In Slovenian social work literature, we can find only few works that explicitly address the issue of innovations (their features), especially about innovations that are not directly linked to users, although innovations in social work are frequent and needed. The observed niche (that is more theoretical and conceptual in nature) is addressed. Paper presents current situation in Slovenia and suggests typology of innovations in social work.
REPORT ON A PROJECT
Rosana Gjura Luci, Tanja Požaršek, Marjeta BizajIntegrated approach to providing home care services: Project “Active and quality aging in home environments” - Pg. 129Keywords: long-term care, services, elderly, health care, integrated care.
The increasing growth of the elderly population challenges both social and health care systems with the challenge of increasing demands for long-term care and other services. The Institute for Home Care in Ljubljana has been providing such services since 2002. In addition to the basic activities carried out by social services, it also conducts organized volunteering, and cross-generation co-operation. In May 2015 the Institute, along with its project partners, started the project “Active and quality aging in home environments”, which has been co-financed by the Norway Grants Programme. This was carried out to supplement the Institute’s core activity, and because of the growing need for certain healthcare services at home. During the project, we worked according to the principles of integrated care and provided our users with free services in physiotherapy, work therapy, nursing, speech pathology, nutritional counselling, measurements of physical and mental abilities and intervention, adaptation of the living environments to the needs of elders and programs of physical exercise. The results of the project are presented in the article.
REPORT FROM THE CONFERENCE
Tamara Rape Žiberna, Liljana RihterReport from the 20th International Scientific Conference of the International Consortium for Social Development (ICSD) in Zagreb - Pg. 141
Klavdija GorjupPublic image of social work: Personal feelings of a social worker - Pg. 145
Srečo Dragoš, Liljana RihterEmpathy and (education for) social work - Pg. 1Keywords: compassion, social policy, welfare state, inequality, stratification, university.
Empathy is a concept that is complex both in terms of definition and in terms of reasons for exploring it. In the first part of the article, the social circumstances and the reasons to explore the link between empathy and social work education are presented. The reasons are divided in heuristic, elitist, motivational, educational and stratification-based. We’re interested in the importance of empathy in the context of existing social policy. How will the planned changes in the organization of higher education (increased selection with the introduction of entrance examinations) affect one of the main criteria for selection – empathy? Since the key motivation for studying social work is helping others, high levels of empathy are expected among students. We are also interested in how the curriculum is linked to empathy and if empathy is evenly distributed among the students having diverse socio-economic status. Quantitative survey, which was conducted with a population of students from the 1st and the 4th year at the Faculty of Social Work (University of Ljubljana) in the academic year 2015/16, showed that students have a relatively high degree of empathy in the first year and that the rate does not reflect statistically important change during the years of study. However, the degree of empathy is associated with self-assessment of social status. The high degree of empathy score occurs when a student is from higher social stratum. Social work students have enough empathy but, in connection with empathy, only social inequality is problematic.
Erna ŽgurReading abilities of children in different primary school programmes - Pg. 21Keywords: reading, special needs, mental development, learning assistance, adapted programme, special pedagogics.
The paper compares the reading abilities of the 2nd grade primary school children and the 5th grade children in adapted education programme with a lower education standard. Four hypotheses were tested: differences according to age, time of reading aloud; number of mistakes during reading aloud; reading comprehension check by using questions. The results showed that the two groups are comparable only to the individual elements of the reading ability. The two groups have different mechanisms of functioning which is reflected in their reading abilities and their reading comprehension. Despite the differences, we determined that the effectiveness of the knowledge acquired in both groups is comparable, the differences having no statistical significance.
Vesna LeskošekComments by the Faculty of Social Work on the proposed amendments to the Social Assistance Act - Pg. 35
Mateja MlinaričCounselling in kindergarten: (in)visible link connecting children, parents and expert workers - Pg. 41Keywords: social work, expertise, competences, working relationship, co-creation, education.
Based on interviews, the author examines the importance of social work in counselling in early childhood education and at the same time looks at connections among social work, consulting work, and the perspectives of employees in the kindergarten on advisory work. As a social worker in the kindergarten context strives to develop creative cooperation of all participants, the quality of the kindergarten increases. Due to her/his »bilingual« skills (ability to use an expert terminology and a simple language of users), a social worker is a great asset for the kindergarten, but may be faced with a particular danger of becoming an overburdened and overstressed jack-of-all-trades for problems of all participants. Namely, she/he has to deal with individual and group work, children with behaviour challenges, administration and relations with employees.
Ines KokaljArt-based support to an individual living with the consequences of a severe head injury - Pg. 51Keywords: rehabilitation, social work, fine art, emotions, self-esteem.
The article is based on the personal experience of a volunteer working in Plus5, an association for help with art. The volunteer had been helping an individual who had to live with the consequences of a severe head injury. After the eighteen-month period of intervention, particularly through creative art expression (especially creative individual and group art activities), all the members of a group who had been actively involved in the research, perceived positive effects of the interventions on the pacient: improved concentration (and therefore better left hand control), more efficient expression of feelings and improved self-esteem. The results of the research confirmed the working hypothesis that the use of different methods and techniques of help with creative art expression will have a beneficial impact on the pacient's concentration, emotional expression and self-image.